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With the introduction by SeaLink of the Island Navigator , the fate of Island Seaway was sealed, with the service subsequently withdrawn and SeaLink drawing on Government subsidies to operate all freight services to and from the Island.

SeaLink now holds a virtual monopoly on sea transport to Kangaroo Island, primarily due to its long term lease of the Cape Jervis berth.

Kangaroo Island residents have expressed displeasure with the exclusive arrangement granted to SeaLink. Guinea Airways operated the first commercial service to Kangaroo Island, commencing in the s.

A Piaggio P was used infrequently in the s, whilst Rossair operated Cessna s in an arrangement with ASA to replace the F27s in off-peak times.

Island Air and Pagas operated briefly in the s, whilst the most successful, Emu Airways , commenced in and made its final flight in November [ citation needed ].

Emu flew Piper Chieftain aircraft to Kingscote, American River, Penneshaw and Parndana, before air regulations dictated abandonment of all airstrips except Kingscote.

For several years during the s, Commodore Airlines eventually becoming State Air offered another alternative service. QantasLink briefly operated a service after the demise of Emu Airways, commencing 18 December , but withdrew less than six months later.

QantasLink also operated direct flights from Kangaroo Island to Melbourne, the first time the route was operated. In June , Qantas announced direct Qantaslink flights to Kangaroo Island from Adelaide and Melbourne from December , offering five flights a week from Adelaide over the peak summer months, reducing to three flights a week after Easter, and two flights a week from Melbourne over the peak tourist season in December and January.

It was sold to domestic and industrial users, e. The salt exports from Kangaroo Island to Adelaide rose from 13 tons in to 20, tons in Having a Mediterranean climate Csb , the winters between June and September are mild and wet, the summers usually warm and dry.

Tempered by the ocean, particularly on the coastline, maximum temperatures in summer rarely exceed 35 degrees Celsius. Average temperatures in August range between 13 to 16 degrees and in February, the hottest month, between 20 and 25 degrees.

The wettest month is July. Nearly half of the island has never been cleared of vegetation, [53] and a quarter of it is conserved in National Parks , Conservation Parks , and five Wilderness Protection Areas.

Because of its isolation from mainland Australia, foxes and rabbits are absent from and prohibited from entering the island. Registration and microchipping of cats is mandatory, [55] and since there is a program to eradicate an estimated population of between 3, and 5, cats within the next 15 years.

The sole endemic vertebrate species is a small marsupial carnivore, the Kangaroo Island dunnart. The koala , common ringtail possum and platypus have been introduced and still survive there.

The introduced koalas have flourished on the island, to the degree that their preferred food source, the manna gum , is at risk of local extinction.

The idea of a cull of the burgeoning koala numbers is distasteful to the public, and the state government prefers to use sterilisation for population control.

Conservation interests have come into conflict with proponents of various development proposals made since the s.

An endemic species of emu , the Kangaroo Island emu , became extinct between and Kangaroo Island has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area IBA because it supports populations of the vulnerable fairy tern , the near threatened bush stone-curlew , hooded plover and western whipbird , and the biome -restricted rock parrot and purple-gaped honeyeater.

Little penguin colonies at Penneshaw and Kingscote can be accessed by joining guided nocturnal tours. Both colonies are currently in decline.

The decline of penguin populations has prompted expanded monitoring regimes from to the present. The Kangaroo Island little penguin census revealed that numbers had decreased by 44 to per cent at all surveyed colonies over the prior two years.

The census included eight survey sites. Lightning strikes on Thursday 6 December caused several fires on the Island. The northern coast of Kangaroo Island contains important fossil-bearing deposits, dating from the late Lower Cambrian , such as the Emu Bay Shale late Botomian , million years old.

A few genera of non-biomineralized arthropods, among them Squamacula , Kangacaris , and the megacheiran Tanglangia , are known only from the Emu Bay Shale and Chengjiang.

The depositional environment of the majority of Burgess-Shale-type assemblages is outer shelf, deeper water. The Emu Bay Shale in contrast, appears to represent deposition in restricted basins on the inner shelf, indicating that soft tissue preservation occurred in a range of environmental settings during the Cambrian.

Some Emu Bay fossils display extensive mineralization of soft tissues, most often of blocky apatite or fibrous calcium carbonate , including the oldest phosphatized muscle tissue — along with records from Sirius Passet in Greenland, the first thus far reported from the Cambrian.

Mid-gut glands are preserved three-dimensionally in calcium phosphate in the arthropods Isoxys and Oestokerkus , as in related species from the Burgess Shale.

Fossilised footprints indicate Australian megafauna , such as the Diprotodon , Sthenurinae , and Thylacine were once distributed on the island.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other places with the same name, see Kangaroo Island disambiguation. Lighthouses and lightvessels in Australia.

Kangaroo Island wine region. List of birds of Kangaroo Island, South Australia. The Aboriginal Tasmanians of Kangaroo Island.

State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 17 June Retrieved 28 January Early experience of life in South Australia.

Journal of George Taplin. Retrieved 16 December — via National Library of Australia. Whaling and sealing sites in South Australia First ed.

Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology. Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 21 May Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 7 November James Halliday Australian Wine Companion.

Archived from the original on 21 May Retrieved 22 June Retrieved 4 February Retrieved 10 February Government of South Australia. Archived from the original PDF on 22 April Retrieved 24 May Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure.

Archived from the original PDF on 16 February Retrieved 24 October Retrieved 21 January Retrieved 22 January Check date values in: Retrieved 21 Jan Retrieved 15 November Retrieved 25 October Flinders University, South Australia.

Retrieved 15 June Archived from the original on 6 September Archived from the original on 12 October Retrieved 11 August Retrieved 22 May Archived from the original on 1 January Retrieved 20 June Archived from the original on 26 September Retrieved 3 January Retrieved 20 August It will operate 58 flights per week between Adelaide and Port Lincoln, daily service between Adelaide and Kangaroo Island and four weekly services between Melbourne and Kangaroo Island, all aboard Dash 8s.

Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 9 July Archived from the original on 14 September Retrieved 17 September Chronicle Adelaide , 19 October Condemnatory Evidence, Experts on Soil.

Chronicle Adelaide 25 February Retrieved 18 June Climate statistics for Australian locations. Retrieved 6 May Archived from the original on 2 April You will find out how this fascinating wildlife will reward you.

You will reap wins, and the wildlife symbols will celebrate each of your wins, with dance like movements. Even expect the kangaroo to jump for joy, when you score a win with its help.

The kangaroo is one of the most ubiquitous symbols of Australia. It will show off its jumping skills, as we already explained, because it will be happy to see you win and become more affluent, thanks to free Slots Vegas gaming.

Being the Wild here, it will have the power to soar your opportunities, bu becoming a stacked Wild, so that means more great combos and more wins.

Expect the kangaroo Wild to jump out on reels 2, 3, and 4. The boomerang, another typical symbol of Australia, is the Scatter.

It will award its amounts to you, for 3 to 5 boomerang symbols. Plus, you will enter the free spins feature thanks to 3 or more boomerang symbols.

Get 15 free spins and enjoy them, because in that feature the Wild kangaroos can come up and fill one or more reels. Then you will win a respin, for the reels which were not filled with kangaroos.

This feature can be retriggered. The locals, the Aborigine man and woman, will step in to offer their rewards. They will give you payouts for 2 to 5 identical symbols.

The remaining symbols will give payouts for 3 to 5 identical symbols. The koala and the ostrich will award maximum The platypus and the cockatoo will yield as the maximum amount for 5 platypus or 5 cockatoo symbols.

The A symbol will give maximum , and the other poker symbols will yield maximum , in Slot games no download play. So if you are after the biggest payout in this game , look out for the combination of 5 boomerangs, which will extend 2,

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A mainland Aboriginal dreaming story tells of the Backstairs Passage flooding: He pursued them and as he did so he crossed Lake Albert and went along the beach to Cape Jervis.

When he arrived there he saw his wives wading half-way across the shallow channel which divided Naroongowie from the mainland.

He was determined to punish his wives, and angrily ordered the water to rise up and drown them. With a terrific rush the waters roared and the women were carried back towards the mainland.

Although they tried frantically to swim against the tidal wave they were powerless to do so and were drowned.

On 23 March , British explorer Matthew Flinders , commanding HMS Investigator , named the land "Kanguroo sic Island", [5] due to the endemic subspecies of the western grey kangaroo , Macropus fuliginosus fuliginosus , [6] after landing near Kangaroo Head on the north coast of the Dudley Peninsula.

He was closely followed by the French explorer Commander Nicolas Baudin , who was the first European to circumnavigate the Island and who mapped much of the island which is why so many areas have French names.

Although the French and the British were at war at the time, the men met peacefully. The women were kept prisoner as wives and virtual slaves.

Bull as having swum the passage in , [9] and a woman and her baby were found dead on the beach after a presumed crossing in In Richard Siddins reached Kangaroo Island with the ship Campbell Macquarie , which was engaged in salt harvesting on the island when the ship was wrecked later that year, 30 tons of the mineral was recovered from the cargo.

Most ships of the " First Fleet of South Australia " that brought settlers for the new colony first stopped at Nepean Bay.

John Slater, who perished on an exploratory trek from Cape Borda to Kingscote. A number of shore-based bay whaling stations operated on the coast in the s.

Numerous ships have been wrecked on the Kangaroo Island coastline, the largest being Portland Maru of 5, tons, which sank at Cape Torrens on 20 March The greatest loss of life occurred with the wreck of Loch Sloy on 24 April at Maupertuis Bay , when 31 people were drowned, and one initial survivor subsequently perished.

The first lighthouse built was erected at Cape Willoughby in ; this was also the first lighthouse to be erected in South Australia.

All lighthouses continue to be operational. The biggest town on Kangaroo Island is Kingscote. There are several smaller towns on the island.

Penneshaw , the second largest town on Kangaroo Island, has a population of around , and is located on the north eastern tip of the Dudley Peninsula, on the eastern end of the island.

It contains the ferry terminal which brings most of the visitors to the island, along with all the necessary freight to sustain the local population.

Parndana , in the centre of the island, is home to a population of around , however most of this population do not live in the town, they are sprawled within a few kilometres.

The historic area to the south-east of the township, known as the Research Centre to locals, was home to the research station that was set up in the s and s to research the viability of agriculture in the area, and is still home to a small settlement of about 20 people.

American River , on the north coast between Kingscote and Penneshaw , is home to about residents. Penneshaw and Parndana each have basic facilities, including a general store and fuel and are home to hotels.

Facilities such as banking and large supermarkets are available in Kingscote and Penneshaw. According to the Census, the island has a population of 4, Censuses show the number of residents aged over 55 increased from The economy is mostly agricultural grapes, honey, wool, meat and grain.

Traditionally, sheep grazing has been the key element in agriculture on the Island, however in recent times, more diverse crops, such as potatoes and canola have been introduced.

Cattle farming has grown as well, with good quality beef cattle being grown in the higher rainfall areas. The future of over 19, hectares, which had been planted or due to be planted with blue gum for future harvesting is now in doubt following the collapse of Great Southern Plantation Ltd in May The island has 30 wine growers and 12 wineries.

The first vineyard was planted near Eastern Cove in and the first wine made in The Florance vineyard was established under supervision of B.

Hayes, who produced its first wine — Eastern Cove Cygnet — and introduced it at the University of South Australia in Kangaroo Island is noted for its honey and its Ligurian honey bees.

The exporting of pure-bred queen bees is a notable industry for the island. For this reason there are significant quarantine restrictions on bringing bee products and bee-handling equipment onto the island.

Carroll, a bee master, near Brisbane, for a swarm of Ligurian bees. Bonney quickly commenced queen bee breeding near Adelaide at his Upper Kensington apiary in January In the South Australian Advertiser , 7 March , Bonney stated "About three weeks ago I divided the original colony, and the Chamber of Manufactures now possesses three good swarms of Ligurians; two of these will probably be ready to send out towards the end of the month.

The Kangaroo Island Council provides local government for the entire island, and was formed in following amalgamation of the previous District Councils of Kingscote and Dudley.

A enquiry into the financial sustainability of local government in South Australia determined that 26 out of 68 councils in South Australia were considered unsustainable in the long term.

Kangaroo Island has several organised sporting competitions, including Australian rules football see Kangaroo Island Football League , cricket , darts , go kart racing , lawn bowls , netball , sailing, softball , squash and tennis.

Kangaroo Island is connected to the main South Australian power grid by a pair of 33kV subsea cables across Backstairs Passage.

The Kangaroo Island power station has three 2MWe Caterpillar B diesel generators capable of providing a combined 6MW through the Kingscote substation to provide stability of supply if the submarine cables are unavailable.

Kangaroo Island is reliant on ferry services for the majority of its transport to and from the mainland. Ferry services are currently provided by two companies, Kangaroo Island SeaLink which uses two ferries, the Sealion and the Spirit of Kangaroo Island , to provide freight and passenger services, and Kangaroo Island Connect, which commenced services in June and provides passenger services only.

From to , SS Karatta was the prime freight and passenger vessel operating between Port Adelaide and Kingscote. Following withdrawal from service of Karatta , RW.

Troubridge was a roll on, roll off vessel of 1, tons, which used specially designed loading gantries at Port Adelaide , Port Lincoln and Kingscote.

Island Seaway was severely criticised as being unsuitable for the Backstairs Passage crossing. His "Philanderer Ferries" pioneered the crossing from Cape Jervis to Penneshaw, with Philanderer 3 being a passenger and vehicle carrying catamaran style vessel.

During the s, two passenger only services, Hydroflite H33 , and Islander , operated for a short time from Glenelg to Kingscote. SeaLink has outlasted several competing companies since it began operations.

Boat Torque, a Western Australian company, operated Superflyte from until , sailing from Glenelg to Kingscote. Under different proprietorship, SeaWay recommenced services in August With the introduction by SeaLink of the Island Navigator , the fate of Island Seaway was sealed, with the service subsequently withdrawn and SeaLink drawing on Government subsidies to operate all freight services to and from the Island.

SeaLink now holds a virtual monopoly on sea transport to Kangaroo Island, primarily due to its long term lease of the Cape Jervis berth. Kangaroo Island residents have expressed displeasure with the exclusive arrangement granted to SeaLink.

Guinea Airways operated the first commercial service to Kangaroo Island, commencing in the s. A Piaggio P was used infrequently in the s, whilst Rossair operated Cessna s in an arrangement with ASA to replace the F27s in off-peak times.

Island Air and Pagas operated briefly in the s, whilst the most successful, Emu Airways , commenced in and made its final flight in November [ citation needed ].

Emu flew Piper Chieftain aircraft to Kingscote, American River, Penneshaw and Parndana, before air regulations dictated abandonment of all airstrips except Kingscote.

For several years during the s, Commodore Airlines eventually becoming State Air offered another alternative service. QantasLink briefly operated a service after the demise of Emu Airways, commencing 18 December , but withdrew less than six months later.

QantasLink also operated direct flights from Kangaroo Island to Melbourne, the first time the route was operated. In June , Qantas announced direct Qantaslink flights to Kangaroo Island from Adelaide and Melbourne from December , offering five flights a week from Adelaide over the peak summer months, reducing to three flights a week after Easter, and two flights a week from Melbourne over the peak tourist season in December and January.

It was sold to domestic and industrial users, e. The salt exports from Kangaroo Island to Adelaide rose from 13 tons in to 20, tons in Having a Mediterranean climate Csb , the winters between June and September are mild and wet, the summers usually warm and dry.

Tempered by the ocean, particularly on the coastline, maximum temperatures in summer rarely exceed 35 degrees Celsius.

Average temperatures in August range between 13 to 16 degrees and in February, the hottest month, between 20 and 25 degrees.

The wettest month is July. Nearly half of the island has never been cleared of vegetation, [53] and a quarter of it is conserved in National Parks , Conservation Parks , and five Wilderness Protection Areas.

Because of its isolation from mainland Australia, foxes and rabbits are absent from and prohibited from entering the island. Registration and microchipping of cats is mandatory, [55] and since there is a program to eradicate an estimated population of between 3, and 5, cats within the next 15 years.

The sole endemic vertebrate species is a small marsupial carnivore, the Kangaroo Island dunnart. The koala , common ringtail possum and platypus have been introduced and still survive there.

The introduced koalas have flourished on the island, to the degree that their preferred food source, the manna gum , is at risk of local extinction.

The idea of a cull of the burgeoning koala numbers is distasteful to the public, and the state government prefers to use sterilisation for population control.

Conservation interests have come into conflict with proponents of various development proposals made since the s. An endemic species of emu , the Kangaroo Island emu , became extinct between and Kangaroo Island has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area IBA because it supports populations of the vulnerable fairy tern , the near threatened bush stone-curlew , hooded plover and western whipbird , and the biome -restricted rock parrot and purple-gaped honeyeater.

Little penguin colonies at Penneshaw and Kingscote can be accessed by joining guided nocturnal tours. Both colonies are currently in decline.

The decline of penguin populations has prompted expanded monitoring regimes from to the present. The Kangaroo Island little penguin census revealed that numbers had decreased by 44 to per cent at all surveyed colonies over the prior two years.

The census included eight survey sites. Lightning strikes on Thursday 6 December caused several fires on the Island. The northern coast of Kangaroo Island contains important fossil-bearing deposits, dating from the late Lower Cambrian , such as the Emu Bay Shale late Botomian , million years old.

A few genera of non-biomineralized arthropods, among them Squamacula , Kangacaris , and the megacheiran Tanglangia , are known only from the Emu Bay Shale and Chengjiang.

The depositional environment of the majority of Burgess-Shale-type assemblages is outer shelf, deeper water. The Emu Bay Shale in contrast, appears to represent deposition in restricted basins on the inner shelf, indicating that soft tissue preservation occurred in a range of environmental settings during the Cambrian.

Some Emu Bay fossils display extensive mineralization of soft tissues, most often of blocky apatite or fibrous calcium carbonate , including the oldest phosphatized muscle tissue — along with records from Sirius Passet in Greenland, the first thus far reported from the Cambrian.

They store elastic strain energy in the tendons of their large hind legs, providing most of the energy required for each hop by the spring action of the tendons rather than by any muscular effort.

There is also a link between the hopping action and breathing: Studies of kangaroos and wallabies have demonstrated, beyond the minimum energy expenditure required to hop at all, increased speed requires very little extra effort much less than the same speed increase in, say, a horse, dog or human , and the extra energy is required to carry extra weight.

For kangaroos, the key benefit of hopping is not speed to escape predators—the top speed of a kangaroo is no higher than that of a similarly sized quadruped, and the Australian native predators are in any case less fearsome than those of other countries—but economy: Kangaroos have a unique three-stage walk where they plant their front legs and tail first, then push off their tail, followed lastly by the back legs.

The propulsive force of the tail is equal to that of both the front and hind legs combined and performs as much work as what a human leg walking can at the same speed.

A DNA sequencing project of the genome of a member of the kangaroo family, the tammar wallaby , was started in The dairy industry could also benefit from this project.

Eye disease is rare but not new among kangaroos. The first official report of kangaroo blindness took place in , in central New South Wales.

The following year, reports of blind kangaroos appeared in Victoria and South Australia. By , the disease had spread "across the desert to Western Australia".

Researchers at the Australian Animal Health Laboratories in Geelong detected a virus called the Wallal virus in two species of midges , believed to have been the carriers.

Kangaroo reproduction is similar to that of opossums. The egg still contained in the shell membrane, a few micrometres thick, and with only a small quantity of yolk within it descends from the ovary into the uterus.

There it is fertilised and quickly develops into a neonate. Even in the largest kangaroo the red kangaroo , the neonate emerges after only 33 days.

Usually, only one young is born at a time. Once in the pouch, it fastens onto one of the four teats and starts to feed. Another egg descends into the uterus and she becomes sexually receptive.

Then, if she mates and a second egg is fertilised, its development is temporarily halted. Meanwhile, the neonate in the pouch grows rapidly.

After about days, the baby joey is sufficiently large and developed to make its full emergence out of the pouch, after sticking its head out for a few weeks until it eventually feels safe enough to fully emerge.

From then on, it spends increasing time in the outside world and eventually, after about days, it leaves the pouch for the last time.

The kangaroo has always been a very important animal for Australian Aborigines , for its meat , hide, bone, and tendon. Kangaroo hides were also sometimes used for recreation; in particular there are accounts of some tribes Kurnai using stuffed kangaroo scrotum as a ball for the traditional football game of marngrook.

In addition, there were important Dreaming stories and ceremonies involving the kangaroo. Aherrenge is a current kangaroo dreaming site in the Northern Territory.

Unlike many of the smaller macropods, kangaroos have fared well since European settlement. European settlers cut down forests to create vast grasslands for sheep and cattle grazing, added stock watering points in arid areas, and have substantially reduced the number of dingoes.

Kangaroos are shy and retiring by nature, and in normal circumstances present no threat to humans. There are very few records of kangaroos attacking humans without provocation; however, several such unprovoked attacks in spurred fears of a rabies -like disease possibly affecting the marsupials.

The only reliably documented case of a fatality from a kangaroo attack occurred in New South Wales, in A hunter was killed when he tried to rescue his two dogs from a heated fray.

Other suggested causes for erratic and dangerous kangaroo behaviour include extreme thirst and hunger. In July , a male red kangaroo attacked a year-old woman in her own backyard as well as her son and two police officers responding to the situation.

The kangaroo was capsicum sprayed pepper sprayed and later put down after the attack. A collision with a vehicle is capable of killing a kangaroo.

Kangaroos dazzled by headlights or startled by engine noise often leap in front of cars. Small vehicles may be destroyed, while larger vehicles may suffer engine damage.

The risk of harm or death to vehicle occupants is greatly increased if the windscreen is the point of impact.

As a result, "kangaroo crossing" signs are commonplace in Australia. Vehicles that frequent isolated roads, where roadside assistance may be scarce, are often fitted with " roo bars " to minimise damage caused by collision.

Bonnet -mounted devices, designed to scare wildlife off the road with ultrasound and other methods, have been devised and marketed.

If a female is the victim of a collision, animal welfare groups ask that her pouch be checked for any surviving joey, in which case it may be removed to a wildlife sanctuary or veterinary surgeon for rehabilitation.

Council road signs often list phone numbers for callers to report injured animals. The kangaroo is a recognisable symbol of Australia.

The kangaroo and emu feature on the Australian Coat of Arms. Kangaroos have also been featured on coins, most notably the five kangaroos on the Australian one dollar coin.

The Australian Made logo consists of a golden kangaroo in a green triangle to show that a product is grown or made in Australia. The kangaroo and wallaby feature predominantly in Australian sports teams names and mascots.

Examples include the Australian national rugby league team the Kangaroos and the Australian national rugby union team the Wallabies.

Kangaroos are well represented in films, television, books, toys and souvenirs around the world. Historically, the kangaroo has been a source of food for indigenous Australians.

Kangaroo meat has a high concentration of conjugated linoleic acid CLA compared with other foods, and is a rich source of vitamins and minerals.

Most kangaroo meat is currently sourced from wild animals as a byproduct of population control programs. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the living animal. For the kangaroo as a food, see Kangaroo meat. For other meanings, see Kangaroo disambiguation. Early Miocene - Present.

Kangaroo emblems and popular culture. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed.

Johns Hopkins University Press. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 27 October Archived from the original on 25 January Retrieved 6 November Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

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Kangaroo Land Video

Kangaroo land . Pacanele cazino ect miza mare 10 ron mana